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Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors.
Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved
Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors. Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved

Financial Glossary

Major currency pairs

The most heavily traded currency pairs in the FX market, including: EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD and USD/CHF.

Margin

CFD trading requires investors to deposit a small percentage of the overall cost that would be required if they were to purchase outright the equivalent product in the physical market. Even though the investor’s outlay is small in comparison to the value of the whole position, the investor will still be exposed to the same potential profit and loss. This means that your potential return on investment is magnified, as are your potential losses. Sometimes called 'variation margin'.

Margin call

A broker's request to an investor using margin to deposit additional funds. Margin calls occur when an account's funds fall to a specific value calculated by the broker, or if one or more of the products bought, effectively with borrowed money, decreased in value past a certain point.

Mark-to-market

The daily adjustment of an account to reflect accrued profits and losses often required to calculate variations in margins.

Market capitalisation (MCAP)

Market capitalisation refers to the value of a company’s shares. The figure is reached by multiplying the number of shares that have been issued by the current share price. Investors find the MCAP figure useful for determining the size of a company.

Market execution

An order that is executed at the best price available in the market, with no requotes.

Market order

An order that you use to specify the direction and size of a trade, but not the price. This ensures your order will be filled as quickly as possible.

Market-making

The process of quoting a bid and offer based on speculation, expectation, supply and demand.

Medium-term trading

In the context of CFDs, this refers to strategies where the trader is prepared to hold positions open for longer than one day but where the average duration of open positions would be no more than a few weeks.

Mid-price

The bid plus the offer, divided by two.

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