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Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors.
Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved
Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors. Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved

Recognizing Trading Patterns

See how recognizing trading patterns can help you identify potential trading opportunities, where to enter trades & set risk management. Learn more here.

​Recognizing trading patterns is one of the most versatile skills you can learn in trading. This is the branch of technical analysis focused on finding price (and often volume) patterns.

The trading price pattern helps spot changes between uptrends and downtrends. Traders look for price patterns that indicate changes in market trends and execute trades based on those signals. Trading patterns can also be used to predict market reversals and trend continuations.

The key is to spend time learning the basic rules. This will allow you to use these methods effectively in your trading strategy.

The idea of pattern recognition may seem strange, but it is based on carefully tested methods highlighting its usefulness for traders. Importantly, patterns are factors to consider when calculating where to enter, setting stop-loss orders, and setting profit targets. Of course, these factors are some of the most important things every trader should consider when managing their overall portfolio.

  • Recognize how price movements evolve into price patterns
  • Separate meaningful entry points
  • Manage risk with stop loss and set profit targets

Types of trading patterns

Pattern recognition is based on looking for patterns that appear in the prices of traded commodities. You should look for shapes such as triangles, rectangles, and rhombuses. These may not inspire confidence at first but are formations that emerge as they track changes in support and resistance.

Once you've mastered these skills, you can apply them to any financial market of your choice, from stocks to indices to foreign exchange. Pattern recognition can form the basis of trading strategies for day traders, swing traders, and long-term position traders and can be applied to anything from 5-minute charts to weekly charts.

Rectangles, especially triangles, have many variations available. Essentially, all price patterns look at the interaction of supply and demand over time to determine wise ways to react when these patterns form. This will help you know how to respond from risk management and close-out perspective.

Triangle Trading Patterns

There are different triangles, all of which are very effective for trading. The advantage is that it is neither long-side nor short-side biased, which is very useful from a CFD trader's point of view. Keep in mind that if you always focus on the long side of the market, you may miss some of the most attractive features of this pattern. The triangle is a pattern in which the prices are consolidated. However, it has no long or short sides, so you must be careful with the triangles when the eventual breakout occurs. There are two main categories of triangles that are formed:

  • The ascending and descending triangles (the opposite of one another), and
  • The symmetrical triangle

Ascending triangle

The Ascending Triangle is probably the best-known pattern in this category, as it involves resistance lines (which traders often look for) and rising support lines.

The important part of this formation is the two lines marked in red: the resistance line and the uptrend line. You should keep an eye on trading volumes during pattern formation and see how volumes are affected when breakouts occur.

You will usually notice the volume decreasing over time as the pattern forms. One way he thinks about this drop is that buyers and sellers are gradually forced into an ever-tighter balance between support and resistance until prices break out and start rising again. It means that you are keeping your interest away. If the volume doesn't go down, it doesn't necessarily mean that the pattern is the problem. However, when breakouts occur, you should watch out for spikes in volume. This tends to positively affect the overall strength of the pattern from then on. This indicates an increase in demand (or supply in case of short trades) of the commodity, adding an excellent price confirmation to the trader. Traders can be put off by this feeling that they have missed a trade, but in reality, this is probably confirmation that they have correctly recognized that a breakout is occurring.

What traders fear when it comes to breakout pattern trades is what is known as a false breakout or whipsaw. This happens when the price breaks a pattern, and aggressive traders can jump right into the trade. Unfortunately, what happens in the case of a false breakout is what happens when you get what looks like an actual signal, but later the price pulls back within the bounds of the pattern, and you are left holding a trade that is not doing what you hoped it would.

The only way to combat this is to apply some filters. The most obvious way is to wait for X to close outside the pattern. Looking at the daily chart, we can wait two days for the price to close outside the pattern. There are other ways to avoid this type of false breakout. Some traders wait for the price to move outside the pattern by twice the average true range (2ATR). None of these methods guarantees that you won't suffer from false breakouts. The preceding graph illustrates an ascending triangle with a breakout to the upside. As there is no directional bias on which patterns will break out, we must also examine an example of a downward break on an ascending triangle.

You can see that the basic setup is exactly the same, except the breakout is in the opposite direction. This requires a short trade. Both of these examples show retracements to the line they exited. This can happen even if the signal is not considered an error, but don't assume it will always be the case. In fact, you would think that the instances where this does not occur are when you are receiving the strongest signals.

Descending triangle

​The descending triangle is the opposite of the previously described ascending triangle, which has similar properties but is built in the opposite direction. Like its ascending counterpart, breakouts can go in either direction, so you should be aware of the direction in which breakouts occur.

As with all patterns, these examples are rarely exactly the same. These figures show the best-case scenario, but in most cases, you want the price action to follow the chart as closely as possible.

​​Some traders suggest that the price should move away from the support and resistance points and not spend too much time drifting sideways. For a triangle pattern, we want the price to break out of the pattern before reaching the 75% peak. Because if the pattern continues sideways, it may start to lose momentum and continue to drift sideways. This is far from what the breakout his traders want.

Symmetrical triangle

​​ The symmetrical triangle shares some characteristics with the ascending/descending triangle as the price is forced into a narrower range of price movement, and traders are looking for price breakouts. Additionally, we can see that the volume traded for this instrument decreases as it moves through the formation and then becomes significantly above average when breakouts occur.

As with any triangle, there is the possibility of false breakouts, so it's worth applying a filter to breakouts to reduce your exposure to whipsaw entries into trades. Again, this could be the number of closing prices above the breakout level, or alternatively, a filter such as the Average True Range could be used.

In these trades, as in all triangles, there are two main places where stop loss orders are placed. A more aggressive trader may place a stop on the opposite side of the breakout line. This is almost the same as being able to set a stop loss realistically. Otherwise, the transaction has no chance of success. Another more conservative method is to place the stop completely on the opposite side of the pattern. This indicates a complete failure of the setup if that level is reached.

Rectangle trading patterns

After looking at setups where the support and resistance levels are close together, the rectangular setup shows where the two levels are parallel. Although the patterns look quite different for each triangle family, their behaviour regarding breakout and risk management settings is very similar.

This chart again illustrates the breakout having a subsequent throwback to what was the resistance line, but this will not always be the case. Like the triangle, the best outcome is a strong continuation from this level on high volume from the point of the breakout.

Flag trading patterns

Like the pennant, the flag is a short-term version of a similar pattern (channel in this case). It takes many of the same qualities as a pennant to ensure the flag is authentic.

This pattern is only accurate if the breakout occurs in the same direction that the price entered. It also tends to show the direction of the flag in the opposite direction of general price action.

Both flags and pennants appear after strong price movements. This near-vertical price movement forms the "flagpole" on which the pennant or flag occurs. It's important to check this beforehand because the pattern is not genuine without it. Finally, both breakouts are likely to be accompanied by a spike in volume, which will further confirm the pattern.

Stop placement follows the same basic rules as above. A more aggressive trader will close the trade at the first sign of failure, while a more conservative trader may look for a price above the pattern before deeming it a failure.

Price targets

It is possible to use all the described patterns to target an eventual take profit point. For triangles and rectangles, this can be done by simply measuring the pattern's height and extrapolating the target from the breakout points.

The same basic assumptions apply to rectangles. For flags and pennants, targets are determined by measuring the height of the flagpole leading into the formation and adding it to the middle. These patterns are sometimes called gauge patterns because they often occur in the middle of a price movement.

Summary

  • You should recognize the basic price conditions required for a pattern to be genuine
  • You should know how to tell when a pattern has failed
  • You should be able to generate a sensible risk-management plan in line with your pattern-recognition skill

Source: CMC Markets UK

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