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Monday, January 23, 2023
IPO Explained: What is an Initial Public Offering?
By Century Financial in Blog
Every major and minor company has had the ambition to go public and have its shares listed on an exchange. For private companies, the process of becoming public begins through an Initial Public Offering or an IPO.
Investing in an IPO can be interesting. It is imperative to educate oneself and perform due diligence before investing in an IPO. So, let's go through everything an investor needs to know before making their first IPO investment.
What is an IPO?
An initial public offering is when a private enterprise offers its shares for the first time to the general public. A company's ownership changes from private to public ownership through an IPO. Hence, the IPO procedure is occasionally referred to as "going public."
Companies ranging from startups to old players with decades of presence can go for an IPO for various reasons:
How does an IPO work?
When a company decides to list itself for an IPO, it must comply with the regulations of the stock market they wish to register with. For instance, if one were looking for an IPO in the US, one would need to comply with the rules laid out by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Similarly, when it comes to the UAE stock market, a company must abide by the rules of The Securities and Commodity Authority (SCA).
A private company connects with an investment bank to initiate the IPO process. The investment bank determines the firm's value through financial analysis and determines its valuation, share price, IPO date, and tons of other details. When a company goes public, the privately held shares get converted to publicly held shares, and the shares of the existing private shareholders become worth the general market price. The share underwriting may also include special terms for private to public share ownership. Once these processes conclude, the company gets listed on the stock market. For instance, if this were in the UAE, it would allow investors to participate in the IPO through the UAE stock market.
Why invest in an IPO?
An Initial Public Offering can be a good stock market investment for an investor, especially if the company's stock value appreciates over time. Some reasons why every trader should have an IPO investment strategy are:
A company with significant upside potential may increase in value over time, so if you buy it initially, you may benefit later. For instance, this would have been the case if an investor had purchased Apple or Netflix's shares during their initial public offering.
Energy Futures like crude oil and natural gas.
The IPO order paper mentions the price per security issued. You get the same data as larger investors. Following the IPO, share prices would be determined by fluctuating market prices and the best price the stockbroker could provide.
Things to consider before an IPO investment
IPO investments can be tricky if investors opt for them just because a company is seen in a positive light. Therefore, prudent investors should make some notes before choosing an IPO for their stock market investment.
Whether traders buy stocks in UAE through the UAE stock market or stocks from other exchanges worldwide, the bottom line for IPO investments remains the same. As long as investors are well-informed and confident about the company's performance, they can be seasoned IPO investors.
IPOs frequently attract media attention and companies going public can benefit from it., In general, IPOs are well-liked by investors and traders due to their tendency to induce volatility on the day of the IPO and shortly after. It occasionally results in significant gains but can also result in considerable losses. Investors should ultimately evaluate each IPO considering their financial situation, risk tolerance, and the prospects of the company that is going public.
Disclaimer: Century Financial Consultancy LLC (“CFC”) is Limited Liability Company incorporated under the Laws of UAE and is duly licensed and regulated by the Emirates Securities and Commodities Authority of UAE (SCA). This document is a marketing material and is for informational purposes only and must not be construed to be an advice to invest or otherwise in any investment or financial product. CFC does not guarantee as to adequacy, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any information or data contained herein and under no circumstances whatsoever none of such information or data be construed as an advice or trading strategy or recommendation to deal (Buy/Sell) in any investment or financial product. CFC is not responsible or liable for any result, gain or loss, based on this information, in whole or in part. Please carefully read full disclosure mentioned on the website.