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Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors.
Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved
Trading in financial markets involves significant risk of loss which can exceed deposits and may not be suitable for all investors. Before trading, please ensure that you fully understand the risks involved

Thursday, March 09, 2023

The Beginner's Guide To ETF Trading & Investment Strategies

By Century Financial in Blog

The Beginner's Guide To ETF Trading &...
The Beginner's Guide To ETF Trading & Investment Strategies

Your investment consultant would have told you that Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are ideal for beginners. After all, it has multiple benefits, like diversification with a low expense ratio and low investment threshold. However, like any investment, investing in ETFs also requires a clear understanding of investment options and strategies.

Let's first understand what ETFs are. ETFs are financial securities that could include stocks, commodities or other assets that usually track a benchmark to measure their performance. These funds are based on an index, theme or industry.

So how does an ETF work?

All new ETFs must be approved by the financial regulator in the market. For example, in the US, it needs approval from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). ETFs are traded on the stock market, where investors can buy units from the fund the same way they would purchase shares of a company. You will get indirect ownership of the fund's securities as an investor. The process of buying and redeeming units by investors ensures that the price of the ETF stays in line with its NAV.

What are the types of ETFs?

The types of ETFs vary based on asset classes and investment approaches. Some of the main types of ETFs include:

Equity ETFs

Tracks indices covering stocks across company sizes and sectors

Index ETFs

Track a specific index on the stock market, such as the Nasdaq 100 or S&P 500.

Sector ETFs

Invest in specific market areas like biotechnology or electric vehicles.

Bond ETFs

Offer access to a wide portfolio of fixed-income bonds.

Commodity ETFs

Offer derivatives, but not physical, access to commodities like oil or gold.

Currency ETFs

Track single or multiple currencies like the US Dollar Index (DXY).

What is ETF trading? How can it benefit your portfolio?

The underlying value of the assets included in the ETF portfolio defines the fund's Net Asset Value (NAV). Each ETF also has the benchmark of the index, sector or commodity that it tracks.

Reasons the price of ETF units fluctuates:

If the demand rises, the prices will move higher, and if it falls, the prices will lower too.
Currency movements don't just impact forex trading, it also affects the overseas stock markets and commodity prices.
Economic growth will see a rise in the value of the underlying assets, but a recession might push prices downward.

If you've chosen to invest in ETFs, the next step is selecting an investment strategy that serves your goals, risk profile and investment duration. Here are the 6 best ETF trading strategies to help you get started:

Dollar-cost averaging

This trading strategy requires you to buy a set fixed-dollar amount through an ETF on a regular schedule, without regard for the prices rising or falling. As a result, this is best suited for stable, fixed-income investors with enough monthly savings.

Asset allocation

This trading strategy will help expose your portfolio to different asset categories like stocks, commodities, bonds and cash. The asset allocation can be adjusted according to changes in your lifestyle. While a young 20-year-old might be able to afford risks and invest more in equity ETFs, an older 50-year-old might lower the risk and choose to invest in fixed-income bond ETFs.

Swing trading

ETFs can capitalize on large swings in an asset price because they have enough liquidity with tight bid-ask spreads. So if you know a certain commodity or sector, you can trade in ETFs for that sector for a few weeks till the price difference works up to your expectations.

Sector rotation

If your investment portfolio is too heavy in one sector or focuses only on high-growth sectors, using sector rotation can help keep your portfolio fresh. By identifying different sectors and the various stages they are at in the economic cycle, you can invest in ETFs from that sector.

Seasonal trends

Certain commodities or stocks grow in certain months. For example, gold tends to gain in the months of October and November, primarily due to the demand in India during Diwali. This investment strategy can enable you to benefit from these seasonal market rises; however, these predictions are not always likely to come good.


This investment strategy allows beginners to protect their portfolios from downside risks and economic inflation. In addition, by buying put options, ETF investors can get the right to sell a specific amount of a particular security at a predetermined price within a specified time. This can help safeguard your investment during an economic downturn.

An investor can use online trading platforms for ETF investments, especially when they might be done over short periods like a few days or months. While forming your ETF investment portfolio as a beginner, it might be better to get advice from an investment consultant.

Disclaimer: Century Financial Consultancy LLC (“CFC”) is Limited Liability Company incorporated under the Laws of UAE and is duly licensed and regulated by the Emirates Securities and Commodities Authority of UAE (SCA). This document is a marketing material and is for informational purposes only and must not be construed to be an advice to invest or otherwise in any investment or financial product. CFC does not guarantee as to adequacy, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any information or data contained herein and under no circumstances whatsoever none of such information or data be construed as an advice or trading strategy or recommendation to deal (Buy/Sell) in any investment or financial product. CFC is not responsible or liable for any result, gain or loss, based on this information, in whole or in part. Please carefully read full disclosure mentioned on the website.